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Winchester pre-64 Model 1894

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Introduction | I. History of Winchester Rifles | II. Models |  III. Variations | IV. Outline of Features | V. Condition  | VI. Diagrams

Which Model-Configuration of 1894 Rifle do You Have?

Step 1: Determine the Model of firearm

There are 5 Model Configurations of the pre-1964 Model 1894 rifle, with several variations of those models.  The standard 1894 rifle was a lever action and had a walnut stock, with either a shotgun-type, carbine-type or crescent buttplate.  Deluxe varieties have checkered stocks and may have a pistol grip and/or other added features, as many different options were available directly from the Winchester factory. 

Barrel length is the major criteria that will be used to differentiate among the 5 different Model Configurations of the 1894 Winchester.  Barrel length is measured from the end of the barrel tip (below the front sight), to the end of the barrel threads (beyond where the barrel inserts into the receiver in the middle of the gun).  In the 1894 Winchester, you can measure from the top of the receiver from where the bolt opening ends, to the barrel tip, to get an accurate overall barrel length.  As an example, in the Carbine which has a 20" barrel, the measurement from the barrel tip to the receiver front is only 19 1/4 ".  In order to add the distance of the barrel threads, you need to keep measuring into the receiver until you reach the end of the threads at the bolt/receiver opening (see where arrow points to in picture below).  This will give you the correct barrel length measurement.

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Use the following Key to determine which model (configuration) of gun you have.  Start at "a" and then select one of the "a" choices.  Follow the STEPS through the key to determine your rifle type.  Then confirm with the overall descriptions and variations.  These guns were very popular and some have gone through many hands.  Each owner had an opportunity to modify the gun, add parts, change parts, and remove features.  Be alert for such modifications, and remember that any modification from the original probably decreases value.

If you need help determining names  used for the parts of your gun, examine the Parts Diagram by Clicking Here.

Easy Key:

a. My gun is a lever action with a barrel that is EQUAL TO OR GREATER THAN 20" in length .  ---  Go to section b

a. My gun is a lever action with a barrel LESS THAN 20" LONG.  You have a  Trapper's Carbine.  The barrel  can be either 18", 16", 15" or 14" in length.  The gun is blued, has a plain walnut stock and a carbine style buttplate.

non-octagon Barrel  Trapper's Carbine

Buttplate on an early Trapper's Carbine


Enter the Model of your gun in the column to the right 

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 Go to STEP 2

 

 

b. My gun has a barrel that GREATER THAN 20" long ---  Go to section c


Winchester 1894 with barrel over 20" in length

b. My gun is a lever action with a barrel THAT IS  20" long.  You have a  Winchester 1894 Carbine.  The barrel will be round, the stock plain walnut, and the buttplate will be carbine style.  The forearm is also plain walnut, uncapped, and with a single barrel band.  The gun is blued, and those made prior to 1925 will be fitted with a saddle ring on the left receiver side and worth a premium. 

20" 1894 Carbine Barrel

Carbine Style butt Plate


Enter the Model of your gun in the column to the right 

>>>>>>>>>

 Go to STEP 2

 

 

 

c. My gun has a 26" barrel, plain walnut stock that is NOT checkered but the gun does have a crescent butt plate.  You have a Winchester 1894 Sporting Rifle.   If your gun has a serial number less than 111453 you have  a "First model" Sporting Rifle.  If the serial number is less than 14,580 add 100% to value.  If the serial number is higher, you have a later production "Sporting Rifle."  Add 20% to value if gun is a takedown version.

An 1894 Barrel over 22" in Length


Enter the Model of your gun in the column to the right 

>>>>>>>>>

 Go to STEP 2


 

c.  My gun has either a 22" or 26" round barrel, with a half magazine. The stock is plain walnut with a straight grip, and the forearm is plain and capped. The butt plate is a shotgun type.   You have a  Winchester 1894 Extra Lightweight Rifle. 

Enter the Model of your gun in the column to the right 

>>>>>>>>>

 Go to STEP 2


c.  My gun has either a 22" or 26" barrel, with a fancy walnut stock and forearm that are checkered, and a crescent metal butt plate. You have a  Winchester 1894 Fancy Sporting Rifle.  If the serial number is less than 14,580 add 100% to value.  If your gun has a serial number less than 11,453 you have  a "First model" Fancy Sporting Rifle.  If the serial number is higher, you have a "Fancy Sporting Rifle."  A takedown version will add 20% to the value.

 

This is an example of a Winchester 1894 Sporting Rifle


Enter the Model of your gun in the column to the right 

>>>>>>>>>

 Go to STEP 2

 

You have now completed STEP #1 of this Appraisal.  Be sure that you have marked off in the box at the right for the appropriate model (configuration) of 1894 that you have

 

Continue to Step 2 and the Variations of Models

 

Introduction | I. History of Winchester Rifles | II. Models |  III. Variations | IV. Outline of Features | V. Condition  | VI. Diagrams